Last updated: 05:25 PM ET, Fri May 03 2019
Seville Spain (photo via PocholoCalapre / iStock / Getty Images Plus)

Seville

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Seville Spain (photo via PocholoCalapre / iStock / Getty Images Plus)
PHOTO: Seville, Spain. (photo via PocholoCalapre / iStock / Getty Images Plus)

Seville, Spain, is the artistic, cultural, and financial capital of southern Spain. It’s the capital of the autonomous community of Andalusia and of the province of Seville. It is situated on the plain of the River Guadalquivir. It is Spain's fourth largest city.

Sights not to be missed include: The Cathedral of Seville, built from 1401–1519 after the Reconquista on the former site of the city's mosque. It’s amongst the largest of all medieval and Gothic cathedrals, in terms of both area and volume. The tower's interior was built with ramps rather than stairs, to allow the Muezzin and others to ride on horseback to the top. The Alcázar facing the cathedral has developed from the city's old Moorish Palace; construction was begun in 1181 and continued for over 500 years. The Torre del Oro was built by the Almohad dynasty as watchtower and defensive barrier on the river. A chain was strung through the water from the base of the tower to prevent boats from traveling into the river port. The Town Hall, built in the 16th century in high Plateresque style by master architect Diego de Riaño.

Spain Square (Plaza de Espana). Seville, Spain. (photo via silverjohn / iStock / Getty Images Plus)
Spain Square (Plaza de Espana). Seville, Spain. (photo via silverjohn / iStock / Getty Images Plus)

The Facade to Plaza Nueva was built in the 19th century in Neoclassical style. The Plaza de España, in Maria Luisa Park (Parque de Maria Luisa), was built by the architect Aníbal González for the 1929 Exposición Ibero-Americana. The Museum of Fine Arts of Seville was established in 1835 in the former Convent of la Merced. It holds many masterworks by Murillo, Pacheco, Zurbarán, Valdés Leal, and others masters of the Sevillian School, containing also Flemish paintings of the XV and XVI centuries. Other museums in Seville are: The María Luisa Park (Parque de Maria Luisa), which contains two museums: the Archaeological Museum, which contains collections from the Tartessian and Roman periods, and the Museum of Traditional Arts and Customs; the Andalusian Contemporary Art Center; the Flamenco Art Museum; the Bullfight Museum; and the Palace of the Countess of Lebrija contains many of the mosaic floors discovered in the nearby Roman town of Italica. The Alcázar Gardens, arranged to the back of the palace. They were planted and Semana Santa and the Seville Fair, La Feria de Sevilla (also Feria de Abril, "April Fair") are the two most well-known of Seville's festivals. Seville is also very well known for its processions during Holy Week

Seville’s cuisine based on the products of the surrounding provinces, including seafood from Cádiz, olive oil from Jaén, and sherry from Jerez de la Frontera. The tapas scene is one of the main cultural attractions of the city. Local specialties include fried and grilled seafood, grilled meats in sauces, spinach and chickpeas, Andalusian ham, and gazpacho. Typical sweet cakes of this province are polvorones and mantecados from the town of Estepa, a kind of shortcake made with almonds, sugar and lard; pestiños, a honey-coated sweet fritter; torrijas, fried slices of bread with honey; roscos fritos, deep-fried sugar-coated ring doughnuts; magdalenas or fairy cakes; yemas de San Leandro, which provide the city's convents with a source of revenue, and Tortas de aceite, a thin sugar-coated cake made with olive oil.

Seville has an airport with domestic and international major carriers, but the high speed train AVE provides the gateway for most arrivals to the Andalucian capital. By using this high speed train, Madrid's Atocha Station is about two and a half hours from Seville's Santa Justa Station.

Seville has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate, with semi-arid climate influences. Winters are mile and summers can be extremely hot.